Taa[aka !Xóõ, Tâa, !Xuun]
"Significant numbers of Taa speakers in Botswana abandon their own language and shift to Kgalagadi, while those living on farms or in town locations in Namibia are shifting to Afrikaans and Nama"
Kgalagadi; Afrikaans; Nama
"The majority of [Taa speakers] live scattered over a huge area in southwestern Botswana, and 300 (+/- 50) in an area known as Corridor, next to the Botswana border in Namibia (DoBeS Taa Project)."
Tswana; Kgalagadi; Herero; Naro; |Gwi;
"People older than 10 who have been to school or have lived with speakers of other languages also use Tswana [tsn], Kgalagadi [xkv], Herero [her], Naro [nhr], or |Gwi [gwj]."
"Spoken by small groups of people spread out over a large part of southern Botswana... the relevant area is more than 500km from Sekoma in the east to Aminuis (in Namibia) in the west. From Takatswane in the north to Makopong in the south, the distance is approximately 300km... The speakers live in small groups and it is not the case that all the groups are in contact with one another."
"Anthony Traill has published a dictionary, a phonological study and numerous articles about !Xóõ... Most of the people in the Ghanzi District speak two or more languages. More people said that they speak Tswana as a second language than any other language. "
Kgalagadi, Ghanzi, Botswana; Namibia
"The !Xóõ language appeared to have greater vitality in Kgalagi Distrint than in Kweneng and Southern Districts."
Kgalagadi, Kweneng, Southern, Ghanzi
Villages, settlements, and towns: "Ngwatle, Ukwi, Inalegolo, Make, Kutuku, Bere, Zutswa, Kacgae, Monong, Kokotsha, Khakhea, Kang, Hunhukwa, Hukuntsi, Morwamosu, Khekhenya, Lokgwabe, Keng, Tshane, Lehututu, Kokong, Mabutsane, Sekoma, Dultwe, Tsetseng, Tswaane"
"...the smaller languages like !Xóõ, Thimbukushu and ǁAni would prefer the use of Setswana as medium through which to receive information. Such positive attitudes towards Setswana would certainly contribute to the rapidity of language shift."