Only locations in Canada: 6 communities in British Columbia: Gitxaala Nation Hartley Bay Village Council Kitselas First Nation Kitsumkalum Band Council Lax Kw'alaams Band Metlakatla Governing Council Urban areas, especially Terrace and Prince Rupert
Information from: “The World Atlas of Language Structures” . Bernard Comrie and David Gil and Martin Haspelmath and Matthew S. Dryer · Oxford University Press
Information from: “North America” (1-96) . Victor Golla (2007) , C. Moseley · London & New York: Routledge
60 percent certain, based on the evidence available
Information from: “North America” (7-41) . Victor Golla and Ives Goddard and Lyle Campbell and Marianne Mithun and Mauricio Mixco (2008) , Chris Moseley and Ron Asher · Routledge
100 percent certain, based on the evidence available
Two deeply-differentiated dialects, or possibly emergent languages. Southern Tsimshian (or Sküüxs), originally spoken along the coast south of the Skeena River and on a few islands, now has only one fully fluent speaker, who lives in the village of Klemtu on Swindle Island. Coast Tsimshian (often referred to simply as Tsimshian), is spoken near Terrace on the lower Skeena River and on the coast near the Skeena estuary, as well as at one location in southern Alaska. In the Canadian communities it is estimated that there are between 250 and 400 fluent speakers of Coast Tsimshian out of a total population of 6780, almost none under 40. The highest proportion of speakers is in Kitkatla and Hartley Bay, where perhaps one person in five is fluent, although most are age 50 or older. Of the 1,300 Coast Tsimshians currently living at Metlakatla, about 70 of the most elderly speak the language.
DOMAINS OF USE
SPEAKER NUMBER TRENDS
Information from: “First Peoples' Language Map of British Columbia” .
80 percent certain, based on the evidence available