Information from: “South Asia and the Middle East” (283-348) . George van Driem (2007) , Christopher Moseley · London & New York: Routledge
40 percent certain, based on the evidence available
DOMAINS OF USE
Upper Euphrates river
Information from: “Zazaki” (545-586 ch. 9) . Ludwig, Paul (2009) , Windfuhr, Gernot · Routledge
There are no reliable statistics about the number of Zazaki speakers.
Several groups think they speak a dialect of Kurdish
LANGUAGE CONTEXT COMMENTS
The government has discouraged, or prevented by force, regular and free publication in Zazaki.
Zazaki is spoken in eastern Turkey at the north-western borders of Kurdish-speaking areas, in a triangle defined by the cities of Siverek, Erzincan, and Varto, as well as in an exclave of several villages near Mutki west of Bitlis, which may suggest a formerly wider distribution of Zazaki.
Information from: “Forms and Meanings of the Ezafe in Zazaki” (71-92) . Brigitte Werner (2018) , Saloumeh Gholami ·
100 percent certain, based on the evidence available
It is difficult to estimate speaker numbers. Language use is most prominent in the cities of "Bingöl, Hani and Palu" (72)
DATE OF INFO
DOMAINS OF USE
SPEAKER NUMBER TRENDS
MORE ON VITALITY
"Northern Zaza communities have lost a stable pattern of oral use. In that community, members of the child-bearing generation have almost entirely stopped transmitting the language to their children."
Language use is stronger in Southern Zaza
Information from: “The World Atlas of Language Structures” . Bernard Comrie and David Gil and Martin Haspelmath and Matthew S. Dryer · Oxford University Press