[aka Ayoré, Zamuco, Morotoco]

Classification: Zamucoan




Parataxis, Hypotaxis and Para-Hypotaxis in the Zamucoan Languages

The term “para-hypotaxis” is commonly used by Romance linguists to refer to sentences containing a proleptic dependent clause, with the main clause introduced by a coordinator. It is thus an intermediate structure between parataxis and hypotaxis; it should not be confused, however, with seemingly analogous phenomena, such as co-subordination. Traditionally considered as an idiosyncratic feature of the Old Romance languages (as well as Biblical Hebrew, Greek and Latin), para-hypotaxis has recently been discovered in at least one modern, genetically unrelated language (Swahili). This paper shows – with illustrations mostly stemming from the Zamucoan family (Ayoreo and Chamacoco) – that it is also widespread in several languages of the Chaco Boreal. The possible functional justifications of this peculiar syntactic phenomenon are discussed.

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Bertinetto, Pier Marco & Luca Ciucci

Luca Ciucci

Linguistic Discovery