Information from: “UNESCO RED BOOK ON ENDANGERED LANGUAGES: NORTHEAST ASIA” . Juha Janhunen; Tapani Salminen (2000)
80 percent certain, based on the evidence available
"ENDANGERED in Manchuria, POSSIBLY EXTINCT in Mongolia and Siberia; the following data apply to the Manchurian group of speakers, who are today mainly confined within the Chen Baerhu Banner of Hulun Buir Aimak, Inner Mongolia, China"
DATE OF INFO
SPEAKER NUMBER TRENDS
MORE ON VITALITY
"still learnt consistently by almost all children as either the first language (in monolingual families) or as the community language (in families bilingual in Khamnigan Mongol and Khamnigan Evenki); although vigorous for the moment, the survival of Khamnigan Mongol in the long run is threatened by the increasing influx of Han Chinese settlers; both Chinese and Standard Mongolian are also present via the networks of radio and television as well as in the form of printed material"
OTHER LANGUAGES USED BY THE COMMUNITY
Khamnigan Mongol; Khamnigan Evenki; Standard Mongolian; Russian; Chinese
LANGUAGE CONTEXT COMMENTS
"used as the community language at the oral level by all speakers, with Modern Written Mongolian as the literary language; grammatical and lexical interference from the latter is occasionally present in the speech of educated individuals"