Information from: “A Sociolinguistic Profile of the Deaf People of Panama” . Elizabeth Parks and Holly Williams and Jason Parks (2011)
60 percent certain, based on the evidence available
"There are an estimated six thousand deaf people in Panama, with as many as two-thirds of that number living in rural areas that have no deaf community or sign-language access."
DOMAINS OF USE
MORE ON VITALITY
"Although there are now some sign language classes offered through deaf associations, religious organizations, and some universities, deaf people indicate that these classes are primarily for hearing people and that most of the deaf community acquires sign language from their deaf friends."
Some deaf instruction, deaf interpreters in schools
OTHER LANGUAGES USED BY THE COMMUNITY
American Sign Language
Costa Rican Sign Language
Colombian Sign Language
LANGUAGE CONTEXT COMMENTS
"Currently, two sign languages appear to be in use in Panama: Lengua de Señas de Chiriqui (LSCH) in the Chiriqui province and Lengua de Señas Panameñas (LSP) in other urban areas where sign language is used. Deaf Panamanians indicate that they learn sign language from their deaf friends, rather than at home or in school, as the vast majority of deaf students are mainstreamed into hearing schools without interpreters. Although the government has made important moves toward increasing social access for people identified as being disabled, few deaf people are employed or live independently, regardless of their educational level. Although deaf associations are not yet unified in community and language development efforts, recent years have seen a movement toward creation of sign language dictionaries in both Chiriqui and Panama deaf communities. Deaf Panamanians are increasingly discussing how best to collaborate toward improvement of their deaf communities." "In most situations, deaf Panamanians feel free to sign in public, although new acquirers of sign may feel some concern that better deaf signers may make fun of them."
the Panama-Colon corridor, outside of Chiriqui province
"The main social hubs for deaf Panamanians are Panama City and David; deaf people congregate most weekends at the central park in David or Albrook mall in Panama City."
Information from: “Ethnologue: Languages of the World, 18th Edition” . Lewis, M. Paul, Gary F. Simons, and Charles D. Fennig · SIL International