Information from: “A sociolinguistic survey of the Gbe language communities of Benin and Togo, Volume 1: Kpési language area” . Jude A. Durieux and Evelin I. K. Durieux-Boon and Deborah H. Hatfield and Bonnie J. Henson (2011)
100 percent certain, based on the evidence available
"The national census taken in 1981 in Togo reported a total Kpési population of 2,358. Vanderaa (1991)reported that the Kpési population was 3,100... None of the Kpési villages appear to be isolated from contact with other ethnic groups... According to the Kpessi village elders, the population of all Kpési villages includes first language (L1) speakers of other languages."
DOMAINS OF USE
SPEAKER NUMBER TRENDS
MORE ON VITALITY
"Kpési is learned as an L1 by all Kpési people living in the traditional language area... Kpési is the preferred language of the Kpési people and there are no indications of occurring or impending language shift. Attitudes towards Kpési also seemed positive: young people expressed pride in their language, and elders discouraged the use of other languages (apart from French). Young people had a better command of Ewe than the older people, but this did not seem to influence their use of Kpési as the language of choice. Likewise, the popularity of the Ewe literacy program in the village Kpési does not indicate a possible shift... interviewees expressed interest in Kpési language development and in becoming literate in it. However, no informant was aware of any written materials currently available in Kpési."
OTHER LANGUAGES USED BY THE COMMUNITY
LANGUAGE CONTEXT COMMENTS
"The official language of Togo for government and education is French. Ewe is used in Togolese churches, while Arabic and Tem (Kotokoli) are used in the mosques in the Kpési area... Primary education is in French and the usage of French is strictly enforced on the playground during recess.. the language of choice is always Kpési except when external pressure (such as in school) or necessity (as in speaking with non-Kpési speakers) is present... Kpési is also used for all formal functions, according to the Kpessi village elders, including announcements, transition rites, family judgments, village judgments, councils of the elders and regional meetings of the traditional council...Young people... were proud of their language. The Kpessi village elders considered the local youth to speak Kpési correctly and they expected the next generation still to speak Kpési, albeit with some words from surrounding languages mixed into their Kpési. "
Scripts (Writing system)
More on Orthography
"For adults there is an Ewe literacy class in the village Kpessi... Regarding non-formal education in Kpési, none of those interviewed reported any organized literacy efforts in Kpési nor had anyone seen any materials written in Kpési. In both villages, however, people were interested in development of the language Kpési, and expressed an interest in becoming literate in it."
"The Kpési are located in central Togo, in the Préfectures de l’Est-Mono and de Blitta. In the Préfecture de l’Est-Mono, the Kpési communities can be found in the cantons of Kpessi and Nyamassila. In the Préfecture de Blitta, the Kpési are located in the area surrounding Langabou. Some Kpési also live on small towns in these regions and some in the larger towns of Atakpamé and Elavagnon."
"The Kpési speech variety belongs to the Gbe language continuum (Kwa language group) which is situated in the southeastern part of West Africa."
Information from: “Ethnologue: Languages of the World, 16th Edition (2009)” . M. Paul Lewis · SIL International
20 percent certain, based on the evidence available
4,000 (2002 SIL). Ethnic population: 4,000.
DATE OF INFO
Central Togo, East Mono Prefecture, Kpessi and Nyamassila cantons; Blitta Prefecture, Langabou Canton.