Information from: “The classification of South American indigenous languages” (59-166 ch. The classification of South American indigenous languages) . Campbell, Lyle (2012) , Lyle Campbell and Verónica Grondona · Mouton de Gruyter
No known speakers; possibly some rememberers.
MORE ON VITALITY
No known speakers; Possibly some rememberers?
Information from: “Ethnologue: Languages of the World, 17th Edition (2013)” . Paul M. Lewis; Gary F. Simons; and Charles D. Fennig · Dallas, Texas: SIL International
No known L1 speakers. By 1962, most had shifted to Chiquitano [cax].
By 1962, most had shifted to Chiquitano [cax].
OTHER LANGUAGES USED BY THE COMMUNITY
LANGUAGE CONTEXT COMMENTS
No known L1 speakers.
Santa Cruz Department, northeastern part of Velasco province.