Information from: “North America” (7-41) . Victor Golla and Ives Goddard and Lyle Campbell and Marianne Mithun and Mauricio Mixco (2008) , Chris Moseley and Ron Asher · Routledge
80 percent certain, based on the evidence available
14,000-15,000 in Arizona; many additional speakers in Mexico.
SPEAKER NUMBER TRENDS
OTHER LANGUAGES USED BY THE COMMUNITY
USA, Arizona; Mexico;
Between 14,000 and 15,000 fluent speakers of all ages in Arizona, and many additional speakers in Mexico. Most Akimel O’odham speakers live on the Gila River, Salt River, and Ak Chin Reservations, in the vicinity of Phoenix. Most Tohono O’odham speakers in the United States live on the Papago Reservation in southern Arizona west of Tucson; there are also speakers on the San Xavier and Gila Bend Reservations.
Information from: “Ethnologue: Languages of the World, 19th Edition (2016)” . Lewis, M. Paul, Gary F. Simons, and Charles D. Fennig · SIL International
40 percent certain, based on the evidence available