Information from: “A Descriptive Study of the Language of Ternate, the Northern Moluccan, Indonesia” . Rika Hayami-Allen (2001)
100 percent certain, based on the evidence available
Speaker numbers drawn from Ethnologue (1992).
DATE OF INFO
DOMAINS OF USE
SPEAKER NUMBER TRENDS
MORE ON VITALITY
"The Tematean language is rapidly changing and even disappearing in many parts of the island, especially among the younger generation. Instead, North Moluccan Malay is becoming the first language of a large portion of the Tematean population. It seems that Tematean is in better shape on Halmahera."
Speakers are shifting to use of North Moluccan Malay